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Bayesian vs frequentist For dummies

[Bayesian Statistics: Applies probabilities to statistical problems to draw conclusions] Bayesian Statistics is the bad-ass, taking unknown factors into consideration while making guesses based on previous observations to draw conclusions. Maybe he'll get it right, maybe he won't, but he's not too concerned with being precise — it's more go with the flow, got a hunch kind of approach. Parameters are not fixed. Unknowns are treated probabilistic and if. Frequentist vs Bayesian Statistics - The Differences. Based on our understanding from the above Frequentist vs Bayesian example, here are some fundamental differences between Frequentist vs Bayesian ab testing. (i) Use of Prior Probabilities. The use of prior probabilities in the Bayesian technique is the most obvious difference between the two. Frequentists believe that there is always a bias in assigning probabilities which makes the approach subjective and less accurate. A frequentist is a person whose long-run ambition is to be wrong 5% of the time. A Bayesian is one who, vaguely expecting a horse, and catching a glimpse of a donkey, strongly believes he has seen a mule Frequentist: Data are a repeatable random sample - there is a frequency Underlying parameters remain con-stant during this repeatable process Parameters are fixed Bayesian: Data are observed from the realized sample. Parameters are unknown and de-scribed probabilistically Data are fixe

Bayesian vs. Frequentist for Dummies by Jiwon Jessica ..

Frequentist Vs Bayesian- Which Approach Should You Use

  1. Während beim bayesschen Ansatz der Fokus auf der Wahrscheinlichkeit einer Hypothese (dass ich ein kompetenter Wettender bin) unter Verwendung eines festen Satzes von Daten (zu Gewinnen und Verlusten) liegt, konzentriert sich der frequentistische Ansatz auf die Wahrscheinlichkeit (oder Häufigkeit) der Daten bei gegebener Hypothese
  2. So, which is better, Frequentist or Bayesian? As we mentioned early, both approaches are perfectly sound, statistical methods. But at AB Tasty, we've opted for the Bayesian approach, since we think it helps our clients make even better business decisions. It also allows for more flexibility and maximizing returns (Dynamic Traffic Allocation). As for false positives, these can occur whether you go with a Frequentist or Bayesian approach - though you're less likely to fall for.
  3. Although Bayesian and frequentist group-sequential approaches are based on fundamentally different paradigms, in a single arm trial or two-arm comparative trial with a prior distribution specified for the treatment difference, Bayesian and frequentist group-sequential tests can have identical stopping rules if particular critical values with which the posterior probability is compared or particular spending function values are chosen. If the Bayesian critical values at different.
  4. Frequentist inference is based on the first definition, whereas Bayesian inference is rooted in definitions 3 and 4. In short, according to the frequentist definition of probability, only repeatable random events (like the result of flipping a coin) have probabilities. These probabilities are equal to the long-term frequency of occurrence of the events in question
  5. differences between frequentist and Bayesian approach, both can lead to similar numerical values. This can lead to at least two conclusions: we do not have to bother with both approaches, just choose frequentist for it includes less modeling, but on the other hand, we can confirm the fact that Bayesian is not as subjective as critics say. Moreover, there still is the big and obvious advantage of th

This chapter presents an overview of the philosophical debate on frequentist versus Bayesian clinical trials. The comparison between these approaches has focused on two main dimensions: the epistemology of the statistical tools and the ethics of the different features in each experimental design. The philosophical debate on the flaws of frequentist randomized clinical trials (RCTs) was elaborated presenting a number of arguments that hold independently of any conception of. The first part is The Bayesian vs frequentist approaches: implications for machine learning - Part One. In part one, we summarized that: There are three key points to remember when discussing the frequentist v.s. the Bayesian philosophies. The first, which we already mentioned, Bayesians assign probability to a specific outcome. Secondly, Bayesian inference yields probability distributions. 9 Bayesian Versus Frequentist Inference Eric-Jan Wagenmakers1, Michael Lee2, Tom Lodewyckx3, and Geoffrey J. Iverson2 1 Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, the Netherlands ej.wagenmakers@gmail.com 2 Department of Cognitive Sciences, University of California at Irvine, 3151 Social Science Plaza, Irvine CA 92697, USA mdlee@uci.edu and giverson. tutorial: Frequentist vs Bayesian: Round 2! By Julien Hernandez Lallement, 2020-07-05, in category Tutorial. bayesian, python, statistics. In this post, I will compare the output of frequentist and bayesian statistics, and explain how these two approaches can be complementary, in particular for unclear results resulting from a frequentist approach. For a first proof of concept, I will use the.

Frequentists and Bayesians - Statistical Engineerin

  1. In some simple cases with normally distributed data, when you have frequentist confidence interval based on the $t$-distribution, the corresponding marginal posterior from a Bayesian analysis would be a shifted, rescaled student $t$-distribution with quantiles matching the frequentist confidence limits, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Student%27s_t-distribution#Bayesian_inference. Similarly, if you have frequentist confidence interval for some variance parameter $\sigma^2.
  2. Bayesian vs. frequentist sample sizes for multi-arm studies Philip Pallmann November 6, 2015 In this vignette we compare the Bayesian sample sizes calculated using the package BayesMAMS with sample sizes calculated under the frequentist paradigm. Similar comparisons are discussed in section 3 of Whitehead et al. (2015)
  3. The essential difference between Bayesian and Frequentist statisticians is in how probability is used. Frequentists use probability only to model certain processes broadly described as sampling. Bayesians use probability more widely to model bot..
  4. Frequentist method is computationally quicker and reliably offer mathematical 'guarantees' about future performance. But Bayesian methodology can yield results far more quickly than the Frequentist method
  5. read. In this post I wanted to compare two different ways of projecting next year's TD (touchdown) totals for new Jeopardy.
  6. Frequentist vs. Bayesian. February 18, 2011 During our History of Statistics class today, we discussed Bayes's Theorem and his heresy (The Lady Tasting Tea). Since beginning the Biostatistics program (about 7 months ago), I have been asking about the difference between the Bayesian and Frequentist schools of statistics. Our roundtable discussion on Wednesday reflected some.
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  1. The old battle of Bayesian vs. frequentist revisited Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular SciencesVan 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences University of Amsterdam University of Amsterdam . Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular SciencesVan 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences University of Amsterdam University of Amsterdam Statistical inference Introduction How much iron is in my.
  2. The arguments / discussions between the Bayesian vs frequentist approaches in statistics are long running. I am interested in how these approaches impact machine learning. Often, books on machine learning combine the two approaches, or in some cases, take only one approach. This does not help from a learning standpoint. So, in this two-part blog we first discuss the differences between the.
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  4. frequentist statistics tests whether an event (hypothesis) occurs or not calculate probability of an event in the long run of the experiment the experiment i

Exploring Frequentist Probability vs Bayesian Probabilit

Frequentist vs. Bayesian Estimation CSE 4309 - Machine Learning Vassilis Athitsos Computer Science and Engineering Department University of Texas at Arlingto He said in a conference, someone said the frequentists should be more Bayesian and Bayesians should be more frequentist. And I was also thinking there might be a general method combining both ideas. Few months ago, I read a blog maybe by Yihui Xie, talking about a chapter in a textbook trying to propose a method that using Bayesian method to get a frequentist measure. I can't remember the.

Frequentist vs. Bayesian statistics: resources to help you choose (UPDATED) Submitted by drupaladmin on 11 October 2011. There are two dominant approaches to statistics. Here, I explain why you need to choose one or the other, and link to resources to help you make your choice. Most ecologists use the frequentist approach. This approach focuses on P(D|H), the probability of the data, given the. Uncertainties: Bayesian vs. Frequentist Students • Fabrizio Rompineve, Alessandra Baas, Mathis Kolb, Anja Butter General • Studied main properties of Bayesian and Frequentist approach e.g. different definition of probability and according advantages and disadvantages Definition of probability • Frequentist: Probability is defined in terms of a large number of identical, independent. The False Dilemma: Bayesian vs. Frequentist* Jordi Vallverdú, Ph.D. Philosophy Dept. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona E-08193 Bellaterra (BCN) Catalonia - Spain Jordi.vallverdu@uab.es Abstract: There are two main opposing schools of statistical reasoning, frequentist and Bayesian approaches. Until recent days, the frequentist or classical approach has dominated the scientific research, but. Bayesian statistics are said to be a lot more computationally intensive than frequentist methods. But at the same time, I thought Bayesian algorithms like Meteopolis Hastings are very time efficient. So do Bayesian methods on the whole require more time than Frequentist methods? I had a professor in university tells us that bayesian statistics were used when developing the nuclear bombs to. Drawing inferences from A/B tests is an integral job to many data scientists. Often, we hear about the frequentist (classical) approach, where we specify the alpha and beta rates and see if we ca

Bayesian and frequentist reasoning in plain English

  1. - Frequentist with the hybrid testing or decision-making framework [which is mainly irrelevant in fundamental physics] - Bayesian beyond the usual turn the crank. Moreover, most Bayesian books seem to be a propaganda against frequentist (for ex: problem of contraints vs priors [3]
  2. However, effect sizes themselves are sort of framework agnostic when it comes to the Bayesian vs. frequentist analysis issue. By that I mean that you can certainly use them in both frameworks, but in a different manner. They are simply unitless measures of the size of a particular difference. Once you have them, you can treat effect sizes themselves as random variables and do a Bayesian.
  3. This post continues our discussion on the Bayesian vs the frequentist approaches. Here, we consider implications for parametric and non-parametric models In the previous blog the Bayesian vs frequentist approaches: implications for machine learning part two, we said that In Bayesian statistics, parameters are assigned a probability whereas in the frequentist approach, the [
  4. There are many difference between Bayesian and Frequentist inference, for example: - From Bayesian viewpoint, the parameters are treated as variables. - It is possible to incorporate prior information in the analysis, which is updated by the information obtained in the experiment. - It is possible to value the credibility of the null hypothesis, this one is a great advantage, does not force us.

as outcomes outliers using a commonly implemented frequentist statistical approach vs. an implementation of Bayesian hierarchical statistical models, using 30-day hospital-level mortality rates for a cohort of acute myocardial infarction patients as a test case. For the frequentist approach, a logistic regression model was constructed to predict mortality. For each hospital, a risk-adjusted. Almost immediately upon beginning to learn about statistics, students are introduced to the frequentist vs. Bayesian debate. The debate (so the story goes) is about whether probabilities refer strictly to outcomes of repeated experiments, or whether they refer more broadly to subjective degrees of belief. Thus, the Bayesian/frequentist debate concerns the philosophical foundation of. Key words: meta-analysis, frequentist, bayesian, steatosis, HCV 1. INTRODUCTION One of the new methods arisen from the accessibility of published research is the meta-analysis (MA). Introduced in 1976 by Gene Glass as a research philosophy, it is in fact a collection of statistical and scientific methods deployed together to summarize results form different studies on the same topic. In focus.

Two Views of Probability - dummie

  1. Bayes' theorem \[P(B|A) = \frac{P(A|B) \times P(B)}{P(A)}\] Coin tossing \(H_1 =\) first toss is heads \(H_A =\) all 5 tosses are heads What is \(P(H_1.
  2. Bayesian vs frequentist techniques for the analysis of binary outcome data By M. Stapleton Abstract We compare Bayesian and frequentist techniques for analysing binary outcome data. Such data are commonly found in defence applications, where the outcome can be encoded as one of two discrete values. Examples include detection (detected / not detected), armour or ammunition testing (penetrates.
  3. Review: Bayesian vs. Frequentist Inference Statistics 101 Mine C¸etinkaya-Rundel December 3, 2013 Announcements Announcements Survey PA7 FMQ + extra credit PA posted later this evening My OH today after class and tomorrow 1:30-3pm as usual Christine's OH: Today from 8-9pm Course evals! Statistics 101 (Mine C¸etinkaya-Rundel) Review: Bayesian vs. Frequentist Inference December 3, 2013 2.
  4. Frequentist vs Bayesian statistics. Frequentist statistics are developed according to the classic concepts of probability and hypothesis testing. For its part, Bayesian statistics incorporates the previous information of a certain event to calculate its a posteriori probability..
A Bayesian sensitivity and specificity estimation of the

One of the continuous and occasionally contentious debates surrounding Bayesian statistics is the interpretation of probability. For anyone who is familiar with my posts on this forum I am not generally a big fan of interpretation debates. This one is no exception. So I am going to present both interpretations as factually as I can, and then conclude with my personal take on the issue and my. Numbers war: How Bayesian vs frequentist statistics influence AI . If you want to develop your ML and AI skills, you will need to pick up some statistics and before you have got more than a few steps down that path you will find (whether you like it or not) that you have entered the Twilight Zone that is the frequentist/Bayesian religious war There's a philosophical statistics debate in the optimization world: Bayesian vs Frequentist. This is not a new debate; Thomas Bayes wrote An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances in 1763, and it's been an academic argument ever since. Recently, the issue has become relevant in the CRO world - especially with the announcement that VWO will be using Bayesian. Emotional attunement or mirroring can be defined as the ability to recognise, understand and engage with another's emotional state. Relationship experts will tell you the reason their relationships thrive is because of the relationship they have with themselves. (That's in the case of romantic relationships. for romantic Lisa* and I met for coffee before going shopping. Our relationships with. 2.Bayesian vs.Frequentist Inference 1.Frequentist inference 2.Bayesian inference 3.Comparison. M&Ms We have a population of M&Ms.The percentage of yellow M&Ms is either 10% or 20%. You have been hired as a statistical consultant to decide whether the true percentage of yellow M&Ms is 10%.You are being asked to make a decision,and there are associated payoff/losses that you should consider. 2.

Frequentist vs. Bayesian Estimation CSE 4309 - Machine Learning Vassilis Athitsos Computer Science an Read writing about Bayesian Vs Frequentist in The Startup. Get smarter at building your thing. Follow to join The Startup's +8 million monthly readers & +799K followers

But Bayesian methodology can yield results far more quickly than the Frequentist method. Sometimes in Bayesian A/B testing, priors are often difficult to justify and can be a major source of inaccuracy, but you do get to choose the strength of prior to avoid any bias. Frequentist approach does not consider the prior performance of a similar test and relies solely on current data Bayesian vs Frequentist I spent three weeks reading about this topic. It's funny how this resulting note is so short and obvious. ‍♀️ Philosophy Let's say we want to estimate some model parameter H (H for Hypothesis), given some observe.. Bayesian vs. Frequentist Statements About Treatment Efficacy The following examples are intended to show the advantages of Bayesian reporting of treatment efficacy analysis, as well as to provide examples contrasting with frequentist reporting. As detailed here,. Title: Bayesian VS Frequentist Methods in Economics, Author: SCOPE | Vectum, Name: Bayesian VS Frequentist Methods in Economics, Length: 4 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2020-09-15 . Search and.

Frequentist vs. Bayesian Inference 9m. 4 readings. Module Learning Objectives 2h. About Lab Choices 10m. Week 1 Lab Instructions (RStudio) 2h. Week 1 Lab Instructions (RStudio Cloud) 10m. 3 practice exercises. Week 1 Lab 30m. Week 1 Practice Quiz 20m. Week 1 Quiz 30m. Week. 2. Week 2. 7 hours to complete . Bayesian Inference. In this week, we will discuss the continuous version of Bayes' rule. This blog is the second part in a series. The first part is The Bayesian vs frequentist approaches: implications for machine le... There are three key points to remember when discussing the frequentist v.s. the Bayesian philosophies. The first, which we already mentioned, Bayesians assign probability to a specific outcome Bayesian vs Frequentist Power Functions to Determine the Optimal Sample Size: Testing One Sample Binomial Proportion Using Exact Methods Valeria Sambucini Additional information is available at the end of the Author: Javier Prieto Tejedor. Publisher: BoD - Books on Demand. ISBN: 9789535135777. Category: Mathematics. Page: 378. View: 890. Read Now » The range of Bayesian inference. bayesian vs frequentist probability. By December 14, 2020 No Comments. The civil engineer would be able to speak about the chances based on his/her degree of belief (vis-a-vis data made available to him about the life of the bridge, construction material used etc). I don't know how to interpret that. He started with a complete set of events forming a sample space and a measure on that.

This video is unavailable. Watch Queue Queue. Watch Queue Queu Frequentist vs. Bayesian: The Real Battle continues April 29, 2014. Okay, so this isn't much of a battle either as many statisticians nowadays adopt principles of both. Like when I started grad school, I was a frequentist with Bayesian tendencies but by working under my advisor who was a Bayesian with frequentist tendencies, I became a Bayesian with frequentist tendencies. So what is the. Pendekatan Frequentist vs. Bayesian dalam Machine Learning Perbandingan Regresi Linier dan Regresi Linier Bayesian . Foto oleh penulis Selalu ada perdebatan antara kesimpulan statistik Bayesian dan frequentist. Frequentists mendominasi praktik statistik selama abad ke-20. Banyak algoritme pembelajaran mesin umum seperti regresi linier dan regresi logistik menggunakan metode frequentist untuk. The Bayesian vs frequentist approaches: implications for machine learning - Part two Thus, in frequentist statistics, we take random samples from the population and aim to find a set of fixed parameters that correspond to the..

Comparing Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches for network

Type \\(A\\) coins are fair, with \\(p = 0.5\\) of heads; Type \\(B\\) coins are bent, with \\(p = 0.6\\) of heads; Type \\(C\\) coins are bent, with \\(p = 0.9\\) of. A Bayesian Approach To Model Overlapping Objects Available As Distance Dat

I declare the Bayesian vs

The arguments / discussions between the Bayesian vs frequentist approaches in statistics are long running. I am interested in how these approaches impact machine learning. Often, books on machine learning combine the two approaches, or in some cases, take only one approach. This does not help from a learning standpoint CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Forecasting foreign exchange rates and financial asset prices in general is a hard task. The best model has often been shown to be a simple random walk, which implies that the price movements are unpredictable. In this thesis models that have been somewhat successful in the past are developed and investigated for. Bayesian averaging vs. dynamic factor models for forecasting economic aggregates with tendency survey dat Chuyển đến phần nội dung. Chào mừng. 13124125125. Men bayesian vs frequentist xkcd. Svar 1: Der var engang en matematiker, der ikke var ekstremt partisan, han havde ikke engang noget af at hænge sammen med statistikere, og han havde nogle venner, der var bayesiere, og nogle venner, der var frekventer. For det meste var det okay. Han ville passe på ikke at nogensinde invitere dem til de samme fester eller begivenheder, og når han så sine.

What's wrong with XKCD's Frequentists vs

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frequentist approach vs bayesian approach. August 6, 2016 · by Ron · in Methodology. · In the frequentist interpretation, probabilities are discussed only when dealing with well-defined random experiments (or random samples). The set of all possible outcomes of a random experiment is called the sample space of the experiment. An event is defined as a particular subset of the sample space to. 2.Bayesian vs.Frequentist Inference 1.Frequentist inference 2.Bayesian inference 3.Comparison. M&Ms We have a population of M&Ms.The percentage of yellow M&Ms is either 10% or 20%. You have been hired as a statistical consultant to decide whether the true percentage of yellow M&Ms is 10%.You are being asked to make a decision,and there are associated payoff/losses that you should consider. 2. Well, regardless if you are a frequentist or a Bayesian you still use the same mathematical toolkit according to which a probability of 0 or 1 certainly exists. It is also common in Bayesian analysis to use priors that are zero in areas of parameter space which we wish to exclude. Regarding the example, I think a frequentist would say that if you are interested in the parameter representing.

Frequentist vs Bayesian Methods in A/B Testing - Which is

Since Bayesian methods for estimating physical probabilities depend on a given prior probability function, and it is precisely the prior that is in question here, this leaves classical (frequentist) estimation methods—in particular confidence interval estimation methods—as the natural candidate for determining physical probabilities. Hence the Bayesian needs the frequentist for calibration All Activity; Home ; The Menu ; Applied Sciences & Mathematics ; Mathematics and Statistics ; Bayesian vs frequentist for social statistic Die bayessche Statistik, auch bayesianische Statistik, bayessche Inferenz oder Bayes-Statistik ist ein Zweig der Statistik, der mit dem bayesschen Wahrscheinlichkeitsbegriff und dem Satz von Bayes Fragestellungen der Stochastik untersucht. Der Fokus auf diese beiden Grundpfeiler begründet die bayessche Statistik als eigene Stilrichtung

Comparison of Bayesian and frequentist group-sequential

Kay Alexander. Posted on December 10, 2020 by . bayesian statistics vs frequentist Point Estimation from a Decision-Theoretic Viewpoint.- An Overview of the Frequentist Approach to Estimation.- An Overview of the Bayesian Approach to Estimation.- The Threshold Problem.- Comparing Bayesian and Frequentist Estimators of a Scalar Parameter.- Conjugacy, Self-Consistency and Bayesian Consensus.- Bayesian vs. Frequentist Shrinkage in Multivariate Normal Problems.

Frequentists vs Bayesians A frequentist thinks of unknown parameters as fixed. A Bayesian thinks of parameters as random, and thus having distributions (just like the data). A Bayesian writes down a prior guess for θand combines it with the likelihood for the observed data Y to obtain the posterior distribution of θ. All statistical inferences then follow from summarizing the posterior. Bayesian vs Frequentist ideology. Posted on May 10, 2020 Bayesian: The rationale behind using a bayesian framework is not only the Bayes update rule or the availability of (subjective)prior if any exists, but is mainly due to marginalization and conditioning(of unknown on the known), which drive the modeling process in a Bayesian framework

Frequentist and Bayesian Approaches in Statistics

Frequentist versus Bayesian Clinical Trials - ScienceDirec

Seismic inversion (post-stacking vs pre-stacking) - SEG Wiki

The Bayesian vs frequentist approaches: implications for

Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Search for more papers by this autho The frequentist knows (because he has written reports on it) that the Bayesian sometimes makes bets that, in the worst case, when his personal opinion is wrong, could turn out badly. I feel like every time the topic comes up, 'Bayesian statistics' is an applause light for me, and I'm not sure why I'm supposed to be applauding. The frequentist also knows (for the same reason) that if he bets. Differences between Frequentist and Bayesian inference in routine surveillance for influenza vaccine effectiveness: a test-negative case-control study Michael L. Jackson, Jill Ferdinands, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Richard K. Zimmerman, Burney Kieke, Manjusha Gaglani, Kempapura Murthy,. KPN Green Energy Solution » CSR » frequentist vs bayesian statistics. frequentist vs bayesian statistics. Posted on December 14, 2020 December 14, 202 Bayesian vs Frequentist Published on January 17, 2019 January 17, 2019 • 23 Likes • 0 Comments. Report this post; Bahrul Ilmi Nasution Follow Data Scientist | Researcher | Socioeconometrics.

tutorial: Frequentist vs Bayesian: Round 2! - Juls-dotco

Likelihood: Frequentist vs Bayesian Reasoning. Previewing pages 1, 2, 3 of actual document. View the full content. View Full Document . View Full Document Likelihood: Frequentist vs Bayesian Reasoning. 0 0 102 views. Lecture Notes. Pages: 8 School: University of California, Berkeley Course: Integbi 200b - Principles of Phylogenetics: Ecology and Evolution. This blog post [2] doesn't quite say the same thing, but it does argue that attempting to classify techniques as Bayesian or frequentist is counter-productive from a pragmatic perspective. If the quote from Wikipedia is true, then it seems like from a philosophical perspective attempting to classify statistical methods is also counter-productive -- if a method is mathematically correct. Frequentist vs Bayesian Debate Casper J. Albers, Henk A. L. Kiers and Don van Ravenzwaaij The debate between Bayesians and frequentist statisticians has been going on for decades. Whilst there are fundamental theoretical and philosophical differences between both schools of thought, we argue that in two most common situations the practical differences are negligible when off-the-shelf Bayesian. --- title: 芸人、ミルクボーイはベイズ推定漫才である tags: 統計学 ベイズ推定 author: Ringa_hyj slide: false --- やっぱりナウな芸人はベイジ 贝叶斯vs频繁XKCD. 回答 1: 曾经有一位数学家并不十分偏执,他甚至不介意与统计学家闲逛,他有一些朋友是贝叶斯主义者和一些朋友是频繁主义者。 在大多数情况下还可以。 他会小心翼翼,永远不要邀请他们参加相同的聚会或活动,当他看到他的贝叶斯朋友时,他会加入他们的行列,在他们发表.

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